1. Economic Inequality and Economic Justice
Broken economic system enabling tiny wealthy elite to accumulate vast wealth on the cost of hundreds of millions. Power and privilege are being used to skew the economic system to increase the gap between the richest and the rest through Illicit financial flows, piling up debt on developing countries, lower taxation on wealthy individuals and corporation. Economic inequality also driving inequalities in health, education, future opportunities, and life chances. The crises of climate breakdown and extreme inequality are closely linked.
Extreme inequality undermines poverty eradication, corrupts politics, weakens democracies, hinders economic growth, fuels crime, and fractures societies. WSF24 will be a great platform to talk on building an economy that is designed to put people above greed that is a just human economy. It fosters fairer and stronger societies, guaranteeing secure jobs with decent wages and equitable distribution of value. It would treat women and men equally. Our economy would thrive within the limits of our planet.
2. Labour, Migration, Modern Salvery and Trafficking
Migration and trafficking are distinct but connected. While migration is ‘lawful’, trafficking involves forcing or coercing individuals for exploitation. Trafficking often occurs during labour migration- when individuals leaving their communities for better employment opportunities are deceived into exploitative work. Many countries, especially those of the Global North, continue to see migrants as a potential threat to their national security, carefully constructed national identities, and territorial sovereignty. In times of economic, political, or health crisis like the recent COVID-19 pandemic, migrants are often the most affected but least protected. Given the benefits brought about by migration to both countries of origin and destination, it is important for governments to look at protection for the rights of migrant workers. As borders open and economies recover, countries of destination especially from Global North will continue to need workers to support its recovery from the pandemic.
3. Caste, Discrimination Based on Work and Descent (DWD), Race, Ethnicity, Untouchability, Indigenous People, Xenophobia, and all forms of Discrimination
Race, caste, and ethnicity have been historically used to exclude, discriminate against, persecute, and suppress vast numbers of people the world. For centuries, human society has articulated visions and thoughts and endured struggles, movements, and mobilisations against such xenophobia, racism, untouchability, and social exclusion. No continent or country is immune to such tendencies or struggles against them.
The World Social Forum's vision of "Another World Is Possible" will not be possible unless racism, untouchability, all forms of discrimination, and violence based on race, caste, ethnicity, xenophobia, and related intolerance end. This theme facilitates a space where all who believe in the total elimination of race, caste, untouchability, ethnicity, xenophobia, and all forms of discrimination join in solidarity for dialogue, debate, and discussions and strategize their struggles, actions, and communitarian efforts.
4. Gender, Sexuality, and Identities and Gender Based Violence
Patriarchal systems are built around male privilege and dominant masculinities that perpetuate sexist and hierarchical power relationships. They legitimise the discrimination and exclusion of women and gender non-conforming people through harmful social norms, policies, and institutions. Challenging patriarchal systems effectively means fighting poverty and injustice by dismantling intersecting systems of oppression and exploitation that further marginalise those who are already vulnerable. Although progress has been made in challenging the dominance of heterosexuality, individuals and communities with diverse sexual orientations, gender identities, and gender expressions still face struggles for freedom, legal protection, and acceptance in most countries. They are more likely to encounter discrimination, abuse, and violence by societies, states, and markets, leading to adverse educational and social outcomes.
5. Land, Agriculture, Food Sovereignty,Agro-Economy Energy and Natural Resources
The accumulation, dispossession, conversion, and annexation of land and other natural resources have been exacerbated by neoliberal policies and practices. This has not only put millions of people`s lives and livelihoods at risk but also contributed to environmental degradation and climate change. We are witnessing the growing extinction of traditional livelihoods based mostly on agriculture, fishing, gathering, and hunting, which are under threat from a variety of land grab-related consequences. These include land loss, diminishing access to resources, damaged ecosystems, deforestation, and a lack of alternative food security measures. Land and food politics are inextricably linked. Therefore, food sovereignty and democratic control over land and other resources are frequently intertwined. The food sovereignty movement is a process that seeks to resist political forces that seek to control all parts of food production systems and bring the entire food production cycle, from seeds to inputs to land and other essentials, under centralised and more privatised control.
6. Peace, Conflict, War, Occupations, Displacements, and Security
The war, which expresses an imbalance in the balance of justice and a contradiction of interests that have always been determined by force by governments, particularly colonial imperialism, And the issue is not only related to the direct use of arms in the context of this control at the expense of impoverishing hundreds of millions of people, but also to the fact that colonial imperialism created its economic and financial tools to preserve the manifestations of its control, with the World Bank-IMF being two of the most prominent. Wars and colonisation have led, and still lead, to not only destruction and killing but also cases of displacement and uprooting. Again, Palestine serves as a paradigm in this regard, as do many other nations, including Iraq, Syria, Myanmar, Sudan, Yemen, and Kosovo.
The world continues to favour colonial and imperialist tyranny at the expense of other countries, especially, in the Global South.
7. Education, Art and Culture
8. Communication, Digital Social Networks, and Media (Digital Equity)
12. Women, Children, Youth, Adolescents, Aging people and Persons with Disabilities